Have you ever tried intermittent fasting? Trick question — we all fast naturally while we sleep. But a growing number of people are extending that period to change their daytime eating habits as well.
To help you gain better insight into how your fasting impacts your overall health, Oura has teamed up with top-rated intermittent fasting app, Zero. The Zero App automatically integrates Oura health data and your three daily scores (Sleep, Readiness, and Activity) for seamless tracking, providing a holistic picture of health.
Oura Members receive one week of complimentary access to the Zero App: Click here to claim your offer!
Keep reading to learn more about how fasting can impact your sleep and overall health.
What Is Intermittent Fasting?
Intermittent fasting is an eating plan in which you consume food during specific times of day and then fast during the rest of the day. In practice, this commonly looks like an 8, 10, or 12-hour period of eating (sometimes called a “feeding window”) and the remainder of time is spent not eating, or fasting.
For example, some people may follow a 16:8 schedule, in which they eat only during 8 hours of the day, and fast for the remaining 16 hours, including their sleeping period.
Another type of fasting is known as 5:2, in which someone limits their caloric intake by 25% for two days of the week, then consumes food as normal on the remaining days.
The point of this practice is for your body to enter into “fasting mode” and start converting your fat reserves into energy.
Research shows that health benefits of intermittent fasting may include:
- Weight loss
- Improved insulin sensitivity
- Lower inflammation
- Improved markers for heart disease
- Reduces risk of developing some cancers and some neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s
Fasting & Sleep
Fasting before bed may improve the quality of your sleep by supporting your natural circadian rhythms.
When you go to bed with an empty stomach, the internal clocks in your digestive system align with the clock in your brain so that all your systems agree to go offline for sleep. This kind of fasting — which you can accomplish simply by eating dinner early and avoiding snacks before bed — can lead to improved sleep.
If you’re embarking on a more complex fasting protocol, however, your digestive clocks need time to adjust to a new routine. You may not see the improvements of fasting right away, but if you stick with it your body will adjust and your sleep patterns will normalize.
When you fast regularly, your body adapts to your new schedule and your circadian rhythm actually becomes more pronounced (in a good way). Intermittent fasting causes insulin levels to drop and melatonin levels to rise. Melatonin is your body’s primary sleep-promoting hormone and can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer.
Fasting also promotes the release of human growth hormone, one of your body’s vital resources for repairs while you’re asleep.
Keep in Mind
Some first-time fasters report disrupted sleep — the dreaded experience of lying wide awake in bed, bored and hungry. Why? Your “internal clocks” in your digestive tract are saying: “We haven’t eaten anything in a while! Are you sure we shouldn’t grab a bite to eat?” As a result, your body might jump into action and produce the stress hormone cortisol to help keep you awake in case food walks by.
This is temporary — your body is simply getting used to a new routine. After an adjustment period that generally lasts about 3 to 7 days, your body steadies its rhythm and fasting can actually benefit your sleep.
Remember, every body adapts differently to food routines. If you aren’t planning to start doing serious intermittent fasting, start by paying attention to your dinner time and trying to finish up at least 2 hours before your bedtime.
Start by experimenting with different protocols and observe what happens to your REM, deep sleep, and resting heart rate in your Oura App.
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